« Le sens du commun » [FR] (“The Meaning of the Common”)
Abstract: “Common” (singular) is the name of the political principle in virtue of which there is no co-obligation (cum-munus) but that which proceeds from co-activity, that is, from the participation in a common task. As such, it excludes political obligation that would be founded in a given belonging, independent from all activity. The implementation of this principle consists in practices of putting in common which, in very diverse forms, carry out the institution of “commons” (plural). By “commons” we do not mean things (rivers, forests, land, etc.), information or knowledge content, or places (urban space, theatre, social centre, etc.) defined by their material properties, but rather the indissoluble bond between this thing, object or place and the collective activity that, always being required by this thing, object or place, institutes it as common, takes charge of it and brings it to life. Consequently, the meaning animating these practices is not and cannot be “common sense,” but only a sense of the common. Such a meaning is none other than the affective effect of participation in a shared activity and in no way depends on some “affective community.”
Bio: Pierre Dardot, born on October 28, 1952, is Associate Researcher at the Sophiapol Laboratory of the Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense and a professor of preparatory classes in Paris. University diplomas: Agrégation de philosophie (1980) and Doctorat en lettres et sciences humaines (philosophie) at the Université de Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense (1988). Facilitator of the « Question Marx » study and research group since 2004, with Christian Laval. Publications: Sauver Marx ? (with Christian Laval and El Mouhoub Mouhoud), La Découverte, 2007; La Nouvelle Raison du Monde (with Christian Laval), La Découverte, 2009; Marx, Prénom: Karl (with Christian Laval), Gallimard, 2012; Commun (with Christian Laval), La Découverte, 2014.